Mitsubishi Evolution IX
Ninth generation ? ? ?http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_evo
Mitsubishi introduced the Lancer Evolution IX in Japan on March 3, 2005,?and exhibited the car at the?Geneva Motor Show?for the European market the same day.?The North American markets saw the model exhibited at the?New York International Auto Show?the following month.?The 2.0 L?Mitsubishi Sirius engine#4G63?engine has?MIVECtechnology (variable valve timing), and a revised turbocharger design boosting official power output at the crankshaft to 291?PS (214?kW; 287?hp) and torque to 392?N?m (289?lb?ft).
The USDM Lancer Evolution IX models: standard (Grand Sport Rally or “GSR” in some markets), RS (Rally Sport), SE (Special Edition) and MR (Mitsubishi Racing) varied slightly in their performance capabilities. Subtleties unique to each model accounted for variations in acceleration, handling and top speed. The RS excluded features standard on the standard, SE and MR models (stereo system, power windows and locks, rear wiper, rear wing, trunk lining and sound insulation). The result is a weight savings of over 60?lb (27?kg). The fuel capacity remains the same as the Evo VIII at 14?USgal (53?L).
Although the RS is the lightest of the group, the RS did not manage to outperform the standard IX and the MR around a road course (even if only by fractions of a second). This was purported to be due to the lack of a rear wing on the RS. In a drag race, the three models are all about even. The times for the quarter miles ranged from 13.4 to 13.7 seconds. The RS model was produced for rally and racing teams who wanted a platform to build a race car from. It is stripped of all the creature comforts, and other upgrades that drive the price up for features that the race teams would not require.
The IX MR retained the features of the Evolution VIII MR, like Bilstein shocks, a 6-speed manual transmission, a rooftop vortex generator, BBS forged wheels, HID xenon headlights, foglights, accessory gauge package, “zero lift” kit, special badging and an aluminum roof. All models continued to sport?Recaro?bucket seats,?Brembo?brakes andMomo?steering wheels. Additional revisions from 2005 included a closer gear ratio for the 5-speed?manual transmission, new lighter Enkei wheels on non-MR models, a redesigned front end with a more efficient air dam (the most noticeable feature are the two small oval ducts to cool the intercooler pipes), and a new rear bumper with a diffuser undersurface to smooth out the airflow coming out of the car for non-US models. In an effort to reduce the price increase on the Evolution IX model,?HID headlights were no longer standard equipment on the base IX (nor were they standard on the 2005 VIII), and were available only in the SSL package (Sun, Sound, and Leather), SE (Special Edition) and MR trims.
The US versions of the Lancer Evolution IX did not come with the AYC but the ACD was still present. The drivers can select from three different driving modes, “Tarmac” “Gravel” and “Snow”, and the car’s computer system relatively promotes the active center differential to change the differential locking which, eventually changes the front/rear power distribution to increase traction, thus providing an optimum driving experience. Although the US versions did not come with the AYC, it did come with a rear 1.5way clutch type LSD (limited slip differential)which, limits the slip from both rear wheels causing less traction loss of the rear wheels. The most common setup is the 1.5 way LSD, locking on throttle and partially locking on braking. In racing, Lancer Evolutions are not equipped with AYC or ACD because it is believed that better lap times are achieved by pure driver skill without any computer based assistance systems.
One of the changes from the previous iteration of the Lancer Evolution, was the change in the engine, the new 4G63 came with MIVEC, Mitsubishi’s variable valve lifting technology, which drastically improves the fuel consumption by changing the valve timing on the intake cam. The MIVEC system is similar to Honda’s i-VTEC system only that it doesn’t change valve lift, only intake valve timing.
Three trims were available for Japan, Asia and Europe. Although all models used the same 291?PS (214?kW; 287?hp) engine, the torque differed from one model to another. In Europe, however, the Evolution IX was advertised to have 280?PS (206?kW; 276?hp). The GSR produced 400?N?m (295?lb?ft) of torque, while the RS and GT produced 407?N?m (300?lb?ft).
- RS?? “rally sport”, revised 5-speed, aluminium roof, gauge pack, minimal interior, LSD and a titanium-magnesium turbine, left-hand drive option available.
- MR RS?? same as RS with 6-speed Manual Transmission.
- GT?? revised 5-speed, this is basically the RS mechanically, but with some of the GSR’s features (mainly interior pieces).
- GSR?? 6-speed,?Bilstein?monotube shocks, aluminium roof, gauge pack, SAYC (Super Active Yaw Control), and double-din radio (this is roughly equivalent to the USDM MR).
- MR GSR?? same as GSR with BBS 17-inch alloy wheels.
- MR Tuned by RALLIART?? Based on Lancer Evolution VI Tommi Makinen Edition, The Japanese Lancer Evolution IX was exclusively tuned by?Mitsubishi Ralliart?features the almost same as the civilian Evo IX MR GSR except for Carbon Fiber front lip Spoiler, Official Ralliart livery, Ralliart RA04 17-inch Black forged aluminum wheels.
In the United Kingdom, the Evolution IX used a different model scheme based on the car’s horsepower. There were initially three models available: the FQ-300, FQ-320 and FQ-340 each with around 300(296/221), 320(316/236) and 340(336/250) PS(BHP/KW) respectively. An FQ-360 model was subsequently released as a successor to the Evolution VIII FQ-400. While the new FQ-360 produced less horsepower than its predecessor, it had more torque at 363?lb?ft (492?N?m) at 3200 rpm. All four models were designed to run on super?unleaded?petrol only. The MR FQ-360 was also released in limited numbers (only 200) in the last year of production.
- FQ-300, 320, 340?? 6-speed,?Bilstein?monotube shocks, AYC (Active Yaw Control), super unleaded petrol only
- FQ-360?? 6-speed,?Bilstein?monotube shocks, AYC (Active Yaw Control),?Ralliart?Sports Meter Kit, carbon front splitter, Speedline alloy wheels, super unleaded petrol only
- MR FQ-360?? New turbo with titanium aluminium alloy turbo fins, Speedline Turini alloy wheels, Privacy Glass, Lowered Eibach Coil springs (10mm at the front/ 5mm at the rear), IX MR interior, super unleaded petrol only
Four models were available in the US. All models used the same 286?hp (213?kW) engine.
- Standard?? revised 5-speed, standard model
- RS?? ralli sport, revised 5-speed, aluminum roof, gauge pack, minimal interior, also no radio
- SE?? Special Edition, aluminum roof/hood, and front fenders, split seven-spoke forged aluminum BBS wheels in “diamond black” finish, HID headlights with integrated fog lights, red-stitched Recaro seats
- MR?? 6-speed,?Bilstein?monotube shocks, split seven-spoke forged aluminum BBS wheels, aluminum roof, hood, and front fenders, gauge pack, HID headlights with integrated fog lights, vortex generator, front brake cooling ducts and custom MR badging.
All of the American models are the same in power, but may differ in performance. The only thing that sets them apart is the Evo RS, which is 80?lb (36?kg) lighter than the MR and SE models.
To the standard model, the Sun, Sound and Leather package added a power sunroof, HID xenon headlamps with integrated fog lights, a slightly different stereo headunit (with no integral amplifier), slightly upgraded speakers in the front doors and parcel shelf, a 4.1-channel amplifier under the driver’s seat, a powered, trunk-mounted Infinity subwoofer, black leather seating surfaces, leather-trimmed door panels, slightly revised center armrests in the front and rear, and separate rear side headrests. This model deleted the GSR’s headliner-mounted sunglass holder to make room for the sunroof.
The Philippines had the Evolution IX until in August 2008, which was offered in two trims, the entry-level RS offering a 5-speed manual transmission,?Brembo?17-in. ventilated discs (4-Pot),?Brembo?16-in ventilated drum-in-disc (2-Pot) and almost the same features as to that of the GSR trim in the international version. Some RS models had the SAYC option, while some did not. The MR was the top-of-the-line segment, which offers almost the same feature as to that of the MR trim in the international version. All of them are powered by a l4 2.0?4G63?turbocharged?MIVEC?engine.